17 August 1646

370 years ago today the Royalist garrison at Pendennis Castle, led by John Arundell of Trerice, finally emerged after agreeing terms of surrender. They had held the castle for 5 months against the Parliamentarians and it was the last remaining Royalist castle in England. By mid August the garrison was depleted by famine, disease and desertion. 

John Arundell, sometimes known as ‘Jack for the King’, was born in November 1576 and was heading for his 70th birthday at the time of the siege. He was the son of John the rebuilder and grandson of Sir John who feature in the brasses which are the starting point for the costumes at Trerice.  Not long after the siege ended ‘Jack for the King’s’ wife and daughter, both called Mary, died from the deprivations suffered in the castle, and as a result of the family’s involvement in the siege and their loyal support of Charles I, their estate was sequestered and were fined £10,000.

The family were later rewarded for their loyalty to the Crown with a barony after the Restoration of Charles II, but John did not live to see this, so his son Richard became the first Lord Arundell of Trerice. 

Celebrating Richard Arundell

While the rest of the country are full of anticipation awaiting the reburial of Richard III, we’ve been thinking about our own Richard – the first Lord Arundell of Trerice, who was created Baron Arundell 350 years ago today (23 March 1665).

Richard Arundell was born c1616, and became an MP for Lostwithiel in 1640. When the civil war broke out he fought for the King as a colonel of Cornish infantry. He was at the battles of Edgehill and Lansdown before joining his father John and the garrison at Pendennis Castle in 1646. The family’s estates were later confiscated and they were fined £10,000. The King had apparently promised ennoblement in 1643 but it was not until after the Restoration that it was possible and not until 1665 that Arundell had regained his fortune to be able to uphold the dignity. Like his father, Richard was also governor of Pendennis Castle, a position he held from the 1660s until his death in 1687. 

It seemed like a good excuse for cake!